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Most problems which occur with indoor plants are environmental water, light, temperature etc. Even problems with insects can be easily resolved if you get onto it early. Below is a list of the most common problems encountered: their symptoms, the cause and the cure. Leaves wilting despite being well watered. Leaves may turn yellow or brown and fall off.
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They come in a few varieties, with different color patterns and variegation in the leaves. Some hybrids come with white or red spotting in the leaves, giving the plant its characteristic look.
The polka dot plant grows well indoors, and the roots system of the plant establishes itself quickly, regardless of the change in its environment. The plants do get a bit leggy if you grow them in big pots outdoors on the patio. Leggy plants may also start to produce purple flower spikes. If you want to keep your plant growing, pinch off the flower spikes before they have a chance to sap the energy from the rest of the plant.
When positioning the plant in your home, make sure you place the pot in an area that gets bright indirect sunlight. A west or south-facing window provides the ideal lighting environment.For those gardeners growing their polka dots outdoors, we recommend using a larger pot on a shaded balcony or patio. Make sure you keep them out of the direct sunlight, or the leaves will scorch.
If you leave your polka in a room without adequate sunlight, the color of the leaves will start to fade. You might also notice that you lose the variegation in the leaves, and they turn light green. If you live in drier regions of the United States, create a micro-climate for your polkas by placing the pot on a drip tray.
Leave a layer of stones or pebbles on the bottom of the tray, and balance the pot on top. As the water evaporates from the tray, it will provide your polka with the humidity it needs to grow its characteristic fleshy leaves. Grouping several polka dot plants around each other also help to increase the relative humidity, creating a micro-climate for your polkas.
These plants thrive in a conservatory, greenhouse, or terrarium. A great choice for smaller plants is to put them in your bathroom. The heat and mist from a hot bath or shower will provide the polka with all the moisture it needs from the air. Polka dot plants enjoy moist, airy soil. However, let your soil dry out between waterings. Letting the roots get waterlogged results in the growth of bacterial and fungal diseases that kill the plant.
Dry soil results in curling foliage that start to turn brown at the tips and wilt. Fortunately, these are hardy plants, and they recover quickly from maltreatment with watering. Some gardeners might decide to plant their polka dot plant outdoors on the patio.
Typically, outdoor plants receive bigger pots. If you allow the plant to get too big, it starts to turn leggy. Fortunately, you can stop this from happening by pruning the plant during the growing season.
Pinch off the tips of the plant, and control its height before it gets out of hand. Pinching the plant makes the polka bushy, producing an eye-pleasing effect for your patio.Polka dot plants enjoy moderate temperatures in the home. Keep your polka undercover, and if you live in an area with moderate winters, wrap burlap around the plant at night before it gets cold. Polka dot plants only require fertilizing after they establish a root system.
After the roots settle, you can feed your polka with a liquid, all-purpose fertilizer product. Make sure you dilute the fertilizer by half before applying. Feed your plant every two weeks from April through to September. Start feeding again in the early spring to encourage growth and keep the roots healthy. You can also fill a spray bottle for foliar feeding. Foliar feeding enhances the strength and color of the leaves in your polka, providing them with a vibrant look.
Choose a pot or container with plenty of drainage holes in the bottom. You can make some amendments to standard potting soil to improve drainage. Add a handful of perlite and peat moss to the soil to lighten up the soil, improve drainage, and provide air to the roots.
The mulch helps to keep the soil moist, preventing it from drying out between watering. Bark chips are also effective at limiting evaporation. Use a high-quality potting mix, and then add your amendments. Perlite helps to provide more air to the roots of the plant, and peat also keeps the soil feeling loamy and airy.
If you want a few polka dot plants in your home, then you have a few choices when sourcing them. Nurseries sell mature and juvenile polkas that require little maintenance as they have established root systems.
The seeds germinate readily and are ready for planting in a few weeks. Leave the seeds on the surface of the soil, and mist with a water spray bottle. Your seeds will germinate in a few days, and be mature enough for transplanting in 10 to days.
Prepare another pot with your soil mix, and then transplant the seedling. It takes the juvenile seedling a few months to establish a root system, and then it will start to take off.The third method of growing polka dot plants is through propagating your existing polkas. The plants will start to produce new shoots around the base in the early spring through the early summer. Harvest these cuttings and then dip them in rooting hormone. Plant the cuttings in the coil, and new roots should start to form in a week.
Once the cuttings have a sturdy root system, transplant them to a bigger container. Polka dot plants are indoor houseplants. Those gardeners that overwater their plants might have to deal with the occurrence of root rot. Some polka dot plants might experience problems with spider mite.
These pests look like tiny spiders the size of ants or smaller. If you notice a spider mite infestation, treat your polka dot plants with an organic pesticide like neem oil. Some people may find neem oil slightly toxic, and breathing in aerosol vapors might cause an allergic reaction in some gardeners. Hollie is a life-long gardener, having started helping her Dad work on their yard when she was just 5. She has an affinity with nature and loves to share her knowledge gained over a lifetime with readers online.
Hollie has written for a number of publications and is now the resident garden blogger here at GardenBeast. Contact her at hollie gardenbeast. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
Tips for planting and caring for Polka Dot Plants. By Hollie Carter June 7,This guide will give you everything you need to know about growing polka dot plants. Hollie Carter Hollie is a life-long gardener, having started helping her Dad work on their yard when she was just 5. Write A Comment Cancel Reply. Submit Type above and press Enter to search. Press Esc to cancel.
Green leaves heavily dusted with golden-yellow spots makes Gold Dust Plant a cheery house plant, and a beautiful accent among other foliage plants.You'll have easy success with this compact, upright shrub because it adapts well to indoor conditions. In fact, it doesn't need much attention to thrive. It grows well in a pot. Just shade it from direct sunlight, keep it cool and well-watered. Prune it back each spring to keep it small. Aucuba japonica varieties include both male and female plants that produce clusters of tiny purplish flowers in spring.
This easy to grow houseplant requires bright but not direct light. alheard CC BY-NC-ND Orange fruit alheard CC BY-NC-ND Spotted leaves.
Gardening Help Search. Leaf spot is a common descriptive term applied to a number of diseases affecting the foliage of ornamentals and shade trees. The majority of leaf spots are caused by fungi, but some are caused by bacteria. Some insects also cause damage that appears like a leaf spot disease. Leaf spots on trees are very common and generally do not require spraying. Leaf spot may result in some defoliation of a plant. An established plant can tolerate almost complete defoliation if it happens late in the season or not every year. Small or newly planted trees that become defoliated are more at risk of suffering damage until they become established. The chief symptom of a leaf spot disease is spots on foliage. The spots will vary in size and color depending on the plant affected, the specific organism involved, and the stage of development.
Have you noticed brown spots on the leaves of your houseplants? Maybe you have unsightly brown spots or areas and are wondering what is wrong. Brown spots on houseplant leaves happen for a number of reasons, most of which are preventable and even correctible. Houseplants are often tropical plants, with origins growing in the shade of the forest understorey.
It can be soothing to care for houseplants and help them grow.
Anthurium also known as flamingo flower is a popular and relatively easy-to-grow tropical houseplant. After years of growing anthurium, we finally experienced this issue too. Not wanting to lose our plant, we learned what was wrong and what to do about it. So, why do your anthurium leaves have brown spots? The most common reason is leaf blight also known as leaf spot , caused by bacteria that infects the leaves. However, nutrient deficiency or too much sunlight may also cause brown spots.
More Information ». Houseplants can develop many problems, but most have environmental or cultural causes. Diseases are not common on most houseplants grown indoors because environmental conditions are not favorable for plant pathogens to grow and infect the plants. Control of diseases begins with prevention. Always buy disease-free plants. Use pasteurized soil when repotting. Before reusing any pots, they should be scrubbed clean and rinsed in a solution of one part bleach to nine parts water to kill any disease organisms present. Take good care of your plants proper fertilizing, watering, and spacing and check them periodically for disease symptoms.
Huge beautiful spotted leaves characterize this easy to care for indoor plant! Tropical Plant - in the Araceae family Also known as a dumb cane Climate.
Also known as a sweetheart plant, heart-leaf is a wonderful indoor plant with lush green leaves and trailing vines. With a supporting moss pole to climb, this South American plant can grow up to 1. Heart-leafs like bright, indirect light and warm, humid conditions.RELATED VIDEO: Houseplant pests: treating aphids, mealybugs, scale, thrips, whiteflies, and spider mites
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You can do all the right things—feed them water, put them near a window, incorporate them into your self-care routine , g ive them names and tell them how beautiful they are every morning just me? To help solve our plant conundrum, we turned to a couple of green-thumbed pros to find out why dear God, why?
No plant comes close to the sheer beauty of its variegated leaves in a bright shade of pure white. Image Credit: Frida Beth. Image Credit: Jungle in the Attic. What enhances the beauty more are the lilac purple backsides! If you like large ornamental foliage, then this must be your pick! This gorgeous specimen is noted for its unique ovate green foliage spotted with pink, rose, or lavender dots, while some varieties like Splash Series have multiple hues.
Hypoestes can be grown as a bedding plant to add color in partially shaded areas. Polka dot plant Hypoestes phyllostachya is a delicate tropical foliage plant once relegated to the role of novelty houseplant. It has gained more popularity as an annual outdoors, brightening borders and adding to container plantings. Originally the only type available had pink spots covering the small, dark green foliage, but today many other hybrids are available with splashes of bright red, white, or lighter green, or even the reverse of pink with green spots.